Half-Timbered Clay Buildings Germany

The insights in building with half timbered clay buildings are from archaeological building investigations and excavations. Before 2200 BC there was already advanced techniques in working with wattle and daub walls by putting the clay on both sides of the wall until smooth. The technique of building with timber framework was complete by 1600. People realised by adding straw to clay, that the wall could be reinforced and insulation could be improved. Different materials and constructions methods were discovered and used with the timber frames in the half-timbered clay buildings, eg Wooden pole braided with straw ropes, same as cob clay buildings.

Generally, the construction of the half timbered clay wall must last atleast one winter before special grooves can be inserted into the wood. The grooves of the half timbered trusses were arranged in the center, and inserted approximately a 5 cm thick wood piece. By adding more thin wooden pieces the thickness of the wall increases and strengthens, this allows you to add clay on both sides. The mixture of clay and wood is then smoothed and aligns with entire wall. The clay and straw must be mixed at least 24 hours before use, with the right mixture and consistency. After the clay dries, the wall shrinks and an extra layer is applied. Finally a coat of lime is painted to the wall.

Furthermore, the spaces in between the half timered walls can also be made with clay stones or in some rare cases straw clay. If you are working with straw clay you have to use wooden poles and rope this around the straw clay. The developed "Cob Woods" will be inserted closely into the spaces within the half timbered frames  with the wall smoothed.